17 - Red Belt

Congratulations on earning your 3rd kup (1st Red) belt in Tae Kwon Do. The red belt signifies the Sun - and Danger.

17.1 - What You Will Learn in First Red Belt

As a 1st Red belt, you will continue to refine the techniques you have learned to this point.

You will learn three additional Poom Se:

Palgwe Chil Jang
Chul Gi Cho Dan
Tae Guek Yook Jang

As usual, these forms are in addition to the nineteen forms you have already learned. You must continue to develop the white belt through second blue belt forms while you work on your three new red belt forms.

17.2 - The First Red Belt Examination

To pass the examination for your second red belt, you will have to perform the following twenty-five forms:

Ki Cho Il Bo, Ki Cho E Bo, ki Cho Sam Bo, Tae Keuk Cho Dan, Pyung An Cho Dan, Tae Guek Il Jang, Tae Keuk E Dan, Pyung An E Dan, Tae Guek E Jang, Tae Keuk Sam Dan, Pyung An Sam Dan, Tae Guek Sam Jang, Pyung An Sa Dan, Tae Guek Sa Jang, Pyung An Oh Dan, Tae Guek Oh Jang, Tae Guek Yook Jang, Palgwe Il Jang, Chul Gi Cho Dan, Palgwe E Jang, Palgwe Sam Jang, Palgwe Sa Jang, Palgwe Oh Jang, Palgwe Yook Jang, Palgwe Chil Jang

The white, yellow, second yellow, green, second green, blue and second blue belt forms should be well developed; the first red belt forms should be crisp and precise — mistake free.

You will have to identify the 14 Hangul consonants and the 21 Hangul vowels; you will have to indicate which vowels are simple, which are derived vowels, and which are compound vowels. You will detail each compound vowel's origins.You will read, from the Hangul, selected individual form names from the complete list of twenty eight pre-black belt form names.

All self-defense techniques will be demonstrated; as will all takedown techniques.

17.3 - Specific Information For First Red Belts

17.3.1 - Blocking Techniques learned during 1st red belt

Mountain Block
Double outward middle block
Palm heel middle block

17.3.2 - Self-Defense techniques learned during 1st Red belt

Hapkido Defense #1, Escaping encircling grab from behind: Opponent grabs you from behind:

Bring arms up and out in "wings" as you drop 1 head-height Twisting, strike right, then left, with outstretched arms Step left, right back fist to groin (or reverse)

Hapkido Defense #2, Escaping encircling grab from in front: Opponent grabs you from front:

Bring arms up and out in "wings" as you drop 1 head-height; Double-strike around opponents arms to temples

Hapkido Defense #3, Escaping wrist grab from front: Opponent right-grabs your left wrist from front:

Bring your left wrist right, up, circularly across your chest From high point, bring left wrist back left, reversing grip Continue past left in a circular motion, over head Bringing captured wrist down to your right Hold wrist and left sidekick to opponents right underarm region

Hapkido Defense #4, Escaping grab to belt or waist: Opponent right-grabs your belt from front:

Lock opponent's hand to your belt with your right hand Bring left arm under opponents right arm Holding your arm at a right angle, force upwards under elbow

Hapkido Defense #5, Escaping grab to dobok chest: Opponent right-grabs your dobok from front:

Reach across grabbing hand with right Lock your hand onto the top of attackers hand (Wrap fingers around) Step back with your right leg, grab behind wrist with your left Using grab leverage, turn attacker via arm away from you Slide hand up from wrist to elbow lock Continue to turn opponent away from you - rotate them out of control

17.3.3 - Hapkido Throwing Techniques learned during 1st Red belt

Hapkido Throw #1, Response to lunge or lunge/punch: Opponent left punches and steps in:

Step to the opponent's right, and with the inward block motion, attack and grab the arm of the attacker near the wrist. Lead the attacker forward, overbalancing them forward... as they overbalance, lead the attacker down... this converts the overbalance forward into rotation. Continuing the rotational movemement begun so far, bring the attacker's arm back in the direction they attacked from.

Use Circular Motion!

This results in a complete flip in mid air for the attacker, using the attacker's lunging energy against them.

In order for this move to work, a considerable sensitivity to the position and balance of the attacker must be developed through repeated practice.

Hapkido Throw #2, Response to lunge or lunge/punch: Opponent right punches and steps in:

Step in and turn your back to the opponent, as you enter your right arm in a rotational inward blocking motion towards the attacker's right inside elbow... continue with a grab to the dobok (or arm) of the attacker... This must be done in time with the attacker's lunge so that their momentum is still in play... once the attacker's arm has been seized, the attacker's momentum is assisted by simultaneously throwing your left leg to the rear and your right arm to the front and downwards — your torso must be rigid so that the throw of your left leg back transfers energy through your shoulders into your arm and hence into the opponent's forward (and now downward rotational) momentum. The opponent is thrown across what is now your front defensive area.

Use Circular Motion!

Although a certain sensitivity to the oppoenent's balance is useful in successfully completing this move, Timing is the critical element here — not balance. Timing figures in two ways: First, in obtaining seizure of the opponent while they still have forward momentum — you must be quick! Second, the throw of your leg and your arm in opposite directions must be simultaneous and co-ordinated through your torso (shoulders).

Hapkido Throw #3, Response to grasp of same-side wrist & lunge: Opponent steps forward left, grabs your right wrist with their left:

Splay your fingers open to form an easy to hold structure for the opponent's grab; In a complete circular motion, pull your right wrist back, kneel down on your right knee and pull your wrist across from right to left, throwing the opponent.

Use Circular motion!
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